Συμβουλές για γονείς

Newborn's first medical tests!

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pediatrecian checks baby

What tests will your baby undergo and what exactly will the doctor check to make sure everything is going well, in the first few hours after birth?

 

Your baby was born and you welcome it with great joy and anxiety. "Is it really healthy?" The doctor holds in his hands the newborn who seems to be throbbing with health and vitality. However, in order to confirm this in practice, the experts will immediately undertake to examine the baby.

 

First tests

The first medical tests for the newborn are of particular importance for the subsequent development of his health. After his birth and within 24 hours, your little one will undergo all the necessary tests to confirm that your doctor "enjoys extreme health." In particular, the doctor will examine the heart, lungs, head, mouth, arms, legs, hips and spine.

 

Weight

From the very first moment, the neonatologist will weigh your baby to record his weight. Of course, not all newborns have the same weight, and there can be large differences from baby to baby. The normal weight of the newborn is between 2.4 and 3.5 kg. These are the usual limits. If the baby weighs more or less than usual, additional tests are done to see if there is any metabolic or other disease that has affected his development.

 

Measurement of head circumference, chest & height

One of the first tests done as soon as the baby is born is to measure the circumference of his head, which is indicative of brain development. The initial measurement of the head circumference serves to monitor step by step the development of the skull and brain. Usually, along with the circumference of the head, the height of the newborn is measured. There is always a big disproportion between the size of the head and the size of the newborn's body. The younger (older) a baby is, the larger the head is compared to the size of his body.

 

Medical developments

Proper parenting and early prevention can protect preterm infants under 35 weeks of age as well as infants with chronic or congenital heart disease, congenital heart disease and neuromuscular diseases from serious Infectious Infectious Diseases. According to WHO (World Health Organisation), Hundreds of millions of people of all ages (from infancy to old age) suffer from preventable chronic respiratory diseases and respiratory allergies in all countries of the world. Parents can now turn to their neonatologist or pediatrician to help their baby pass painlessly and safely during the outbreak of the virus by taking precautionary measures to prevent infection or re-infection with the virus, which for preschool children reaches 40% to 70%.

 

Test Apgar

The simple and common measurements are followed by a critical test, the so-called Apgar test, which gives very important information about how well the newborn's body works. It is the test that determines the "physical condition" of the baby and controls his vital functions from the first five minutes of his life. During this test, the following are checked:

 

  • The heart rate
  • The breath
  • Muscle tone (the newborn's physical activity)
  • Reflexes
  • The color and appearance of the skin

 

Hearing control

In order for the doctor to check the hearing of the newborn, he undergoes special examinations:

  • Otoacoustic emissions: This is a soft earphone with a microphone that is placed on the outside of the baby's ear emitting simple sounds. If the newborn hears normally, then this feature is recorded on the handset.
  • Automated auditory auditory response of the brainstem: Used in cases where the indications of the auditory emissions are not clear. During the test, the newborn hears some sounds through the handset and his brain function is recorded through sensors.

 

Blood tests

The pediatrician will take two to three drops of blood from the baby's foot to check for any conditions that can only be seen after a blood test. These tests are used to diagnose the presence of Mediterranean anemia, hypothyroidism, metabolic syndromes or vital deficiencies, for the proper functioning of the body-enzymes. Babies who are in a high-risk group are usually examined for some of these diseases (eg when parents have one of these diseases or there is heredity in the family). The existence or not of Mediterranean anemia, which is very common in south European countries , is controlled in all newborns.

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