Spastic colitis and pregnancy


pregnant woman smiling

Spastic Colitis or else  Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a condition that causes abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation during pregnancy.But how does a pregnant woman has to face it?



Spastic colitis is the most common condition of the digestive tract in the western world and afflicts millions of people, especially women. Its characteristic symptom is sudden abdominal bloating, which is almost always accompanied by pain as well as alternation of diarrhea and constipation. By listening to the term "spastic colitis or Irritable Bowel Syndrome," a future mother is surely worried if she does not know what it is, but mainly how it will affect her pregnancy. No need for anxiety and anxiety, as spastic colitis is not a disease. It is just a functional disorder that affects the large intestine, so it can not function as it should.


Where is it due?

Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome are many and complicated. Several factors are implicated in its appearance and appear to affect the intestine, such as bowel motility disorder, psychological factors, intolerance to some foods and possibly the effect of some infections. It is also reported that dietary fiber that is deficient in fiber or is hypothermic, as well as emotional stress is one of the main phenomena that can cause spastic colitis. Finally, especially in women, hormonal disorders during the period can easily carry spastic colitis.



Pain in the abdomen that resolves after bowel movement, bloating from excess air in the abdomen, alternation of diarrhea and constipation, feeling of incomplete evacuation and mucus in the stool is one of the most typical symptoms of the syndrome. Spastic colitis is created when the bowel muscles contract after eating more than normal, so pain and bloating appear. The pain is also caused because the bowel nerves are sensitive to its disposition, so they bring the gases. Diarrhea or constipation occur due to changes that occur during the time the food is needed to reach the stomach in the rectum and cause bowel movement.


How it affects pregnancy?

During the first trimester of your pregnancy, the increase in progesterone affects the uterus by reducing its contractions and the risk of miscarriage. The same hormone also acts on the gastrointestinal tract and reduces its peristalsis, ie bowel movements. Reducing peristaltic movements slows the movement of food through the digestive tract. This results in heartburn, indigestion, bloating and constipation.
Most pregnant women, because they feel bloated, fail to eat regularly  the amounts of food they need. This, however, can aggravate the symptoms of spastic colitis. It is worth noting that Irritable Bowel Syndrome can be annoying but can not hurt your pregnancy.


How to deal with it

Therapeutically the irritable bowel is considered a chronic disease, which therefore requires chronic healing and care. Despite the fact that there are various medicines to be administered, such as spasmolytic, antidiarrheal or mild antidepressant treatments given in persistent cases, they should generally be avoided during pregnancy as they are not considered safe for the fetus. Always with the guidance of your gynecologist and gastroenterologist, it is best to treat this condition with practical measures such as improving the quality of your diet.


Relieve yourself effectively!

Experts argue that diet quality, lack of exercise and anxiety are directly related to the occurrence of spastic colitis. The following steps will help you to relieve yourself.
  • Choose the right foods and avoid those that can aggravate the symptoms of spastic colitis. In any case, however, these foods are separate for each individual, so you should be in consultation with your doctor, as only he can judge it.
  • Stop smoking if you have not done it anyway.
  • Eat 2-3 liters of water per day, as well as other liquids, but not carbonated beverages.
  • Prefer regular, frequent and small meals.
  • Eliminate intense stress.
  • Drinking alcohol is anyway forbidden for you, but it also aggravates the symptoms of spastic colitis.


Subject to proportions, there are usually specific foods that are allowed or banned from spastic colitis. However, each case is unique, so before you exclude food from your diet, consult your doctor.

What is allowed:

  • Plenty of liquids, such as chamomile, fruit juice (no fiber) and infusions such as peppermint.
  • Meat, fish, and poultry.
  • Bread, white and toasted.
  • Starch, like potatoes.
  • Vegetables only when they are tolerated by your body, as well as milk dairy. If you have an intolerance, choose lactose with a low amount of lactose.
  • Fruit in compost form.

What is prohibited:

  • Dried fruits and nuts
  • Black bread
  • Cereals with peel
  • Hard vegetables and fruits or seeds
  • Large amounts of coffee, tea and alcohol
  • Sugar substitutes
  • Soft drinks
  • Fat-rich foods such as: cheeses, cold cuts, meats


happy baby